Benjamin Banneker (1761-1806)

Benjamin Banneker was born in Maryland on November 9, 1731. He is often known as the “First African American Scientist.” He built a working wooden clock that kept accurate time and struck the hours for over 50 years. Banneker studied astronomy and he published an almanac. “Benjamin Banneker’s Almanac” was a top seller from Pennsylvania to Virginia and even into Kentucky from 1792 to 1797.

In 1791, Banneker helped survey the land which is now known as Washington, D.C.

W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963)

web-duboisW.E.B. DuBois was born on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. In 1909, Dubois became one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He became the editor of the NAACP’s Crisis magazine, where he often wrote about issues that affected the African American community in the early 20th century. The Souls of Black Folks is a famous book written by DuBois.

Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993)

thurgood-marshallJudge Thurgood Marshall was a great lawyer and Civil Rights leader. As chief counsel for the NAACP, he won the historic Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case. This unanimous 1954 decision laid the groundwork for school desegregation. In 1967, Marshall was appointed Justice of the Supreme Court by President Johnson. This made him the first African American ever appointed to the Supreme Court