Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993)

thurgood-marshallJudge Thurgood Marshall was a great lawyer and Civil Rights leader. As chief counsel for the NAACP, he won the historic Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case. This unanimous 1954 decision laid the groundwork for school desegregation. In 1967, Marshall was appointed Justice of the Supreme Court by President Johnson. This made him the first African American ever appointed to the Supreme Court

Harriet Tubman (1820-1913)

harriet-tubman Harriet Tubman was one of the greatest Underground Railroad conductors. She is also known as the “Moses of Her People.” In 1844, when her master died, there was talk of slaves being sold out of state. Harriet decided to escape. Two of her brothers traveled with her, but they turned back out of fear, so she traveled alone.

When she became an Underground Railroad conductor, she refused to let anyone turn back. She carried a rifle that she would not hesitate to point and quietly command the slave to decide to be free or die. She is noted for saying, “I never ran my train off track and I never lost a passenger.” There was a $40,000 reward for her capture. Harriet became good at disguises and symbolic messages. She was able to help most of her family escape, especially her aging parents.